Are You Breathing Correctly: Improving Your Health with Good Breathing


Breathing is a vital function that we perform automatically, without thinking about it. However, have you ever wondered if are you breathing correctly? Most of us do not.

The way we breathe can have a significant impact on our physical and mental health, and learning to do it correctly can improve our quality of life.

The Reality: You’re not breathing correctly

Modern life, full of stress, poor postural habits and a fast pace, has led us to develop incorrect breathing patterns. Many of us breathe shallowly, using only the upper chest and not the diaphragm. This type of limited breathing can cause a range of problems, from fatigue to anxiety to digestive problems.

Shallow breathing is often fast and short, which means we are not taking in enough oxygen or removing carbon dioxide efficiently. This can cause the body to be in a constant state of alertness and stress, which negatively affects our health.

How Should We Breathe?

Correct breathing should be deep and diaphragmatic. This means that we should use the diaphragm, a large muscle below the lungs, to breathe. Here are some steps to practice proper breathing:

  1. Find a comfortable position: You can sit or lie down in a relaxed position.
  2. Place one hand on your chest and the other on your abdomen: This will help you feel your body move as you breathe.
  3. Inhale deeply through your nose: You should feel your abdomen rise, while your chest remains relatively still.
  4. Exhale slowly through your mouth: Feel your abdomen lower.
  5. Repeat: Practice this technique several times a day, especially when you feel stressed or anxious.



Techniques to Improve Breathing

There are several techniques and exercises designed to improve breathing and help you breathe correctly. Some of the most effective include:

Diaphragmatic Breathing

This technique, also known as abdominal breathing, focuses on using the diaphragm to breathe deeply. You can practice it by following the steps mentioned above. It is useful for reducing stress and increasing the efficiency of gas exchange in the lungs.

Box Breathing

This technique is used by athletes and military personnel to improve concentration and reduce stress. It consists of inhaling for a count of four, holding the breath for a count of four, exhaling for a count of four and then holding the breath again for a count of four. Repeat this cycle several times.

Alternating Nostril Breathing (Nadi Shodhana)

This is a breathing technique used in yoga that helps to balance energy and calm the mind. It involves closing one nostril with the thumb, inhaling through the other nostril, closing both nostrils and holding the breath, and then exhaling through the opposite nostril.

Meditation and Anxiety

Proper breathing is central to meditation, a practice that has been shown to be effective in reducing anxiety and improving mental well-being. Guided meditation often focuses on the breath, helping people to focus and calm the mind.

Deep, controlled breathing can activate the parasympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for relaxation and stress reduction. This can lower the heart rate, reduce blood pressure and promote an overall sense of calm.

Breath-Based Meditation Techniques

  1. Breathing Mindfulness: Simply focus on your breathing, observing each inhalation and exhalation. If your mind wanders, gently bring your focus back to your breath.
  2. Body Scan: As you breathe deeply, take a mental tour of your body, noticing any tension or discomfort and consciously relaxing in those areas.
  3. Guided Meditation: Use meditation apps or recordings to guide you through breathing and relaxation exercises.

Importance of Breathing in Sport

Proper breathing is crucial in sport and physical activity. Efficient breathing can improve performance, increase endurance and reduce the risk of injury. Here are some ways in which breathing impacts on different sports:


In yoga, breathing is fundamental. Breathing techniques, or pranayama, are an integral part of the practice and are used to increase flexibility, improve concentration and balance the body’s energy.


For runners, proper breathing can improve oxygenation of the muscles, increasing endurance and reducing fatigue. Rhythmic breathing, coordinated with steps, is recommended to maximise performance.


Breathing in swimming is essential to maintain good rhythm and technique. Swimmers must learn to coordinate their breathing with their strokes to avoid fatigue and improve efficiency in the water.

Strength Training

During weightlifting and other strength exercises, proper breathing technique can help stabilise the core and prevent injury. It is recommended to exhale during exertion and inhale during the relaxation phase.

I encourage you to start paying attention to breathing correctly. Spend a few minutes each day practising deep breathing techniques and see how you feel. Over time, you will notice improvements in your overall well-being and your ability to handle stress and the demands of daily life.

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